Insulin resistance and deficiency leads to chronic elevated blood sugar which damages blood vessels and nerves causing complications. Many people are unaware they have complications until they are diagnosed with Diabetes.
There are two types of complications, microvascular and macrovascular.
Microvascular complications involve the small blood vessels found in the eyes, kidneys and nerves.
Macrovascular complications involve the large vessel vessels leading to cardiovascular (heart) disease, stroke and peripheral artery disease.
Having Diabetes increases risks adult onset blindness, lower limb amputation, kidney disease and most importantly cardiovascular disease. Because of this, it is critical to aggressively control risk factors to prevent and slow cardiovascular disease. The American Diabetes Association recommends at least yearly screening of these risk factors with treatment of all abnormalities.
Three of these risk factors are blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol, otherwise known as Diabetes ABC’s.
A1c, measures blood sugar averages over three months, should be checked every 3-6 months.
Blood pressure should be checked at every routine visit.
Cholesterol checked at Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis, initial visit and at least yearly based upon age, medications and history of cardiovascular disease.
Based upon results of all three, individualized treatment plans are formulated.
Adhering to individualized treatment plan formulated, knowing Diabetes ABC’s targets, tracking progress, following up with abnormal symptoms and attending healthcare provider/specialist visits help a person with Diabetes live a longer, healthy life!
To learn more about Diabetes: http://www.diabetes.org/